Since its inception some 12,000 odd years ago, agriculture has continued to dominate and shape the face of human progress. Even in today’s world where we are constantly moving towards a more complex social, cultural, technological, and economic structure, agriculture continues to remain the largest industry on our planet, employing over a billion people worldwide!
India has contributed significantly to this industry as it currently stands 2nd in terms of annual agricultural produce. This has been possible thanks to Indian farmers and their commitment to their motherland. However, we would not have achieved half the levels of current productivity had it not been for modern agricultural machinery and tools.
Here, we take a look at the top 5 agricultural tools that have contributed to the success story of Indian agriculture.
A T-shaped hand tool made from a long wooden handle with a heavy metallic head, the pickaxe has one of its cutting ends chiseled. It thus becomes useful in digging and breaking up relatively harder surfaces such as dry hardened clay and some rocks. It is different from a traditional axe which is primarily just a cutting tool, used for cutting heavy logs.
It is one of the most commonly used agricultural tools among Indian farmers.
With robust blades made of strong steel, Shovels are extremely helpful in digging through soil and removing bulk material with ease and efficiency. Unlike a Spade, which has a flat blade, the blade of a Shovel is concave in nature. This assists in removing bulk material. It also has a comparatively longer wooden handle, thus making it easier to grip.
A hand sickle is a curved blade with a wooden handle that is used to cut grass, weeds, and hay. It is also used at the time of harvesting to cut the crop.
Some farmers prefer using Scythe (another agricultural tool used for crop cutting) over Sickle due to its efficient handling and durability. However, Sickle provides a superior mobility advantage as it is relatively lighter in weight and cuts with the same efficiency as a Scythe.
The use of the sickle as a political symbol to mark and acknowledge the efforts of the working class is commonly found across various local and foreign cultures.
Machete is another cutting tool that is primarily used in sub-tropical regions. It is effective for cutting crops such as sugar cane and thus, is popular among farmers in northern India (Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of sugarcane in India). The main cutting component of a Machete is its sharp steel blade.
Due to its supreme piercing and penetrating ability, Machete is historically associated with weaponry and warfare.
A tractor is the most important agricultural machine used in farms as it has transformed the agricultural landscape across the globe. However, a tractor is only as good as the add-on agricultural tools that are incorporated to enhance the efficiency and applicability of tractors.
Some of the tools that are commonly used as tractor implements include:
- Sprayer: Used to spray fertilisers and other chemicals.
- Seeder: Speeds up the seeding process, thus minimising the efforts of the farmers.
- Harrower: Helps in smoothing the surface of the soil by breaking down larger soil chunks and residual particles.
- Cultivator: Used to prepare the soil before initiating the sowing process by stirring the soil up and creating ambient land conditions for the crop to grow.
Farmers can not provide an effective output without the use of their tools. Therefore, we must provide our farmers with the best agricultural machinery and tools that are lasting, durable, efficient, and easy to use.
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